…………… weekly iron supplementation for 1 to 5 year-old children, an economical and effective intervention for anemia prevention.
Philippines, the overall prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is 30.6%, with a prevalence of 29.6% among children aged 1-5 years. Iron supplementation and food fortification have been identified as impact programs to address IDA. However, the existing guidelines on iron supplementation contained in the Department of Health Administrative Order 3-A s. 2000 does not include universal iron supplementation of 1-5 year-old children although routine supplementation of 2-5 year old children daily for about 2 months is indicated. Food fortification, on the other hand, is still not fully implemented. In addition, when hookworm infection is one of the underlying causes of IDA, both iron supplementation and food fortification will be less effective. Thus, the strategy for IDA in hookworm-endemic areas should include addressing hookworm infection concurrently.