Prevalence of Household Food Insecurity: 7th National Nutrition Survey, Philippines, 2008


Background: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways. To monitor the magnitude of food insecurity in the country, the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) has included the assessment of food insecurity in its nationwide surveys since 2001. In the 7th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) conducted in 2008, the Food Insecurity Survey was carried out to re-assess the problem of food insecurity among Filipino households and describe how food insecure households managed in times of limited food. Methods: The Survey used the Radimer/Cornell tool to assess household and individual level food insecurity, and adopted the master sample of the National Statistics Office (NSO). Two thousand eight hundred eighty (2,880) households with children 0-10 years old from the 5,014 sample households were included and interviewed for the Survey. The Radimer/Cornell tool consisted of 10 items which represented experiences of food insecurity of households and individuals in the preceding three months. Four items determined if a household was food insecure or not and six determined if the adult or child in the household was food insecure. A positive answer to any one of the items classified the household, the adult and the child as food insecure. Results: Of the 2,880 households, 78.6% were considered food insecure.

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