PAN Recommends:  that elementary school aim to be nutrition-fiendly schools.

The PAN recommends that a five-point criteria, measured by specified indicators, may be used to identify nutrition-firendly schools.  We believe that nutrition-friendly schools are those that:

  1. Implement the systematic and comprehensive integration of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and factors affecting nutrition (infection, food security. Horticulture) into the curriculum of elementary school children;
  2. Establish a comprehensive school-specific plan on health and nutrition for schoolchildren and teachers;
  3. Promote physical activity and physical fitness;
  4. Promote and facilitate access and availability of a healthy and nutritious diet for schoolchildren; and
  5. Promote and facilitate the delivery of essential health interventions critical to nutrition in the schools and in the communities.

 The evidence is clear:

  •  Hidden hunger, short-term hunger and malnutrition are pervasive problems among school children.
  • Infection leads to and worsens malnutrition.
  • Obesity is a growing problem that must be addressed.
  • Good nutrition improves learning.
  • Health lifestyle and dietary habits can be prevent both undernutrition and obesity.
  • Basic, time-tested and efficacious intervention strategies are at hand.

 What can we do together?

 To this end, we recommend that the government, through Department of Education as the lead agency, initiate public-private partnership to enact policies that would support the goal of achieving nutrition-friendly schools.  By achieving this goal, we could have a generation of children who are physically, mentally and socially fit through the practice of healthy lifestyle as they grow to adulthood, free from the double burden of under- and over-nutrition.

 How can this be achieved and measured?

 

Criteria

Suggested Activities and Messages

Indicators

Enhanced Curriculum

·      Incorporate key nutritional messages into the curriculum (detailed below)

·         Implementation of TCP

·         Further integration of nutrition   and physical activity in the curriculum

Comprehensive Health and Nutrition Plan

·      Division or school-specific health and nutrition priority setting

·         School-specific plan with set priority activities

Regular Physical Activity Program

·      Incorporation into the curriculum

·      Promotion of regular physical fitness activities

·         Inclusion of physical fitness activities as part of the school curriculum

·         Regular physical fitness activities being conducted

Provision of Health Diet Options in School

·      Promotion of healthy food choices in the school canteen

·      Promotion of Food Guide Pyramid for Filipinos

 

·         Availability of health nutritious   choices in school canteen

·         Activities and IEC materials to promote consumption of fruits and vegetables

Essential Health Interventions

·      Targeted Food Supplementation Programs

·      Iron Supplementation

·      Deworming programs for intestinal worms and schistosomiasis

·      Advocacy programs promoting the use of insecticide-treated nets in malaria-endemic areas

·      Treatment of MDR-TB+ (multi-drug resistant tuberculosis) teachers

·         Initiate supplementary feeding   programs

·         Initiate school-based iron supplementation programs

·         Implementation of school-based control programs for endemic parasitic disease

·         Identification and completed treatment of MDR-TB + teachers 

 Among the key messages to be integrated into the curriculum are:

 

 

·         Attain and maintain proper weight and height

·         Do not miss breakfast; it is the most important meal of the day

·         Eat fruit and vegetables every day

·         Eat foods rich in calcium to build strong bones

·         Include “grow” foods in the daily diet

·         Fatty and empty calorie foods should be taken sparingly

·         Prepare and keep foods safely.

·         Observe healthy options when eating outside the home.

·         Use the Food Guide Pyramid for Filipinos as a simple guide to proper nutrition

Together with

·         Regular physical activities in and outside the classroom.